Future Tenses

Future simple

  • FORM
    • Positive

      Negative

      I’ll / You’ll / He’ll / She’ll / It’ll / We’ll / They’ll (will) go.
      I/You/We/They/He/She/It won't (will not) go.

      Question

      Short answer

      Will you go?
      Yes, I will. / No, I won't.
  • Function
    • To give opinions or make predictions about the future.

      e.g. I don't think prices will increase.

      To state future facts.

      e.g. The election will take place in November.

      To express decisions made at the moment of speaking

      e.g. Has Lucy just arrived? In that case, I'll see her immediately.

      To make offers, promises and requests.

      e.g. Thanks for the loan. I'll pay you back tomorrow.
      future simple
  • Help
    • In spoken English it is more common to use the contracted form of will with subject pronouns: I'll, you'll etc.

      It is possible to use shall with I and we although this is more common in questions to make an offer or a suggestion. Examples:
      Shall we go to the theatre this evening?

      Shall I close the window?

      Do not use will for activities you have already decided or planned to do. See ‘going to’ future and present continuous for future for more information on this.

‘Going to’ Future

  • Form
    • Positive

      Negative

      I’m (am) going to leave.
      You’re / We’re / They’re (are) going to leave.
      He’s / She’s / It’s (is) going to leave.
      I'm not (am not) going to leave.
      You/We/They aren't (are not) going to leave.
      He/She/It isn't (is not) going to leave.

      Question

      Short answer

      Are you going to leave?
      Is she going to leave?
      Yes, we are. / No, we're not.
      Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.
  • Function
    • To express a decision or intention made before the moment of speaking.

      e.g. We've decided to go to Spain this year. We're going to visit Madrid and Barcelona.

      To express something that is certain to happen because of the situation now.

      e.g. It's only 7am and it's already 20°c. It's going to be a hot day.
      ‘Going to’ Future
  • Help
    • We do not usually use ‘going to’ future with the verbs come and go. With these verbs use the present continuous to express pre-meditated future intentions and decisions.
      Examples:
      I'm going home at 5 o'clock today.
      They are coming to the party.

Present Continuous for Future

  • FORM
    • Positive

      Negative

      I’m (am) leaving tomorrow.
      You’re / We’re / They’re (are) leaving tomorrow.
      He’s / She’s / It’s (is) leaving tomorrow.
      I'm not (am not) leaving tomorrow.
      You/We/They aren't (are not) leaving tomorrow.
      He/She/It isn't (is not) leaving tomorrow.

      Question

      Short answer

      Are you leaving tomorrow?
      Is he leaving tomorrow?
      Yes, I am. / No, I'm not.
      Yes, he is. / No, he isn't.
  • Function
    • To express fixed future arrangements

      e.g. We're playing golf on Saturday.
      What are you doing tonight?
  • Help
    • In sentences with present continuous for future we often state when we have arranged to do the activity.
      Example:
      Samuel is arriving at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.

      Use the present continuous for future if you can imagine your future arrangements written in your diary. Examples:
      I'm seeing the doctor at 9am Monday.
      I'm playing tennis at 3pm on Tuesday

      diary

Future Continuous

  • FORM
    • Positive

      Negative

      I’ll / You’ll / He’ll / She’ll / It’ll / We’ll / They’ll (will) be going.
      I/You/We/They/He/She/It won't (will not)
      be going.

      Question

      Short answer

      Will he be going?
      Yes, he will. / No, he won't.
  • Function
    • To express an activity which will be in progress at a certain time in the future.

      e.g. At this time tomorrow I'll be taking my driving test.
      e.g. Shall I come to your office at 10 am or will you be having a meeting?
      future continuous
  • Help
    • Compare the future simple and future continuous.

      Examples:
      We will interview the candidate at 10am. (the interview will begin at 10am)
      We will be interviewing the candidate at 10am. (the interview will begin before 10am and will still be in progress at this time)

      Continuous forms are used to express an activity in progress. Compare the future continuous to the present continuous and past continuous.

      Examples:
      It is 8 am and Mary is in her car. She is driving to work. (in the process of driving now)
      At 8 am yesterday, Mary was in her car. She was driving to work. (in the process of driving at a point in the past)
      At 8 am tomorrow, Mary will be in her car. She will be driving to work. (in the process of driving at a point in the future)

Future Perfect

  • FORM
    • Positive

      Negative

      I’ll / You’ll / He’ll / She’ll / It’ll / We’ll / They’ll (will) have arrived.
      I/You/We/They/He/She/It won't (will not) have
      arrived.

      Question

      Short answer

      Will you have arrived?
      Yes, we will. / No, we won't.
  • Function
    • To express an activity or situation which will be over at a certain point in the future.

      e.g. I'll have finished this report before 5.30 pm.
  • Help
    • We often use the future perfect with expressions of time such as by and before.

      Examples:
      By the time I'm 20, I'll have written my first novel.
      Will you have spoken to him before you go home?

Future Tenses Practice Test

Select the best answer to complete the sentences below. Sometimes it may seem that two answers are possible but there is always a BEST answer. Check your score at the end of the test by clicking 'RESULTS'.

Complete each sentence by selecting the best answer


  1. 01.We have taken a major decision. We the name of our company.

  2. 02.You can come round at 2pm as we lunch by then.

  3. 03.Political leaders predict that housing and the environment major problems for the next generation.

  4. 04.These boxes are very heavy. me, please?

  5. 05.Joanna can't come to the meeting at 10 o'clock tomorrow because she to our visitors from Germany.

  6. 06. anything interesting next weekend?

  7. 07.John has booked a squash court for Saturday morning. He against his brother.

  8. 08.The sun is shining and there isn't a cloud in the sky. It a beautiful day.

  9. 09.Stephen is a very good car salesman. Before the end of the month he at least twenty brand new cars.

  10. 10.We've been working very hard. a break for coffee?

  11. 11.I think next Thursday is OK for a meeting. you an e-mail tomorrow to confirm.

  12. 12.Are you going to the pub now? In that case with you.

  13. 13.The plane arrives at 8am but we our customers until 10.30am.

  14. 14.Your plane gets in at 8.30 tomorrow morning. for you in the arrivals lounge.

  15. 15.There another full moon until the 20th of this month.

  16. 16.Our train leaves in five minutes and we are still ten miles from the station. We our train.

  17. 17.It's too late to call the bank. It's 7pm and it .

  18. 18.For our next holiday we to the Greek island of Corfu.

  19. 19.In my opinion, the interest rate to rise over the next six months.

  20. 20.We probably until we've examined all the possible options.

For more help and practice exercises, go back to Tutorials & Practice Tests.
For more help and practice the best selection of English books is available at our bookshop.